ABSTRACT This study compares the characteristics of state veterans' nursing homes and community nursing homes with VA per-diem residentes between 1999-2002. A structure, process, and outcome model was used to examine whether there was any difference in the multi-dimensional quality measures among the three types of community nursing homes (for profit, not-for-profit, and government) and state veterans' nursing homes. For profit community nursing homes were less likely to achieve nurse staffing standards while government facilities were more likely to achieve CNA staffing standards when compared to the state veterans' homes. All community nursing homes had a lower prevelance of tube feeds and catheterization when compared to state veterans' nursing homes. Only government community nursing homes had significantly lower quality of life deficiencies and pressure sore prevelance when compared to state veterans' nursing homes. Vigilant monitoring of all long-term care facilities utilized by veterans is needed.