The birth of a healthy baby and the parenting roles that ensue are considered normative life transitions that require numerous physical and emotional adjustments. These changes may place heavy demands on parents' time, energy, and resources. These in turn may result in stress--a feeling that arises when a situation makes demands on the individual that are appraised as exceeding available resources and upsetting the sense of well-being (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984). Premature birth and subsequent hospitalization of an infant in the Newborn (or Neonatal) Intensive Care Unit (NICU) are particularly stressful. Major stressors include concern for the survival of the newborn and potential effects on his or her development (Hack, Taylor, Klein, & Mercuri-Minich, 2000; Hughes, McCollum, & Sheftel, 1994; Partridge et al., 2005); difficulties in carrying out the parental role, including the separation from the baby and the somewhat limited opportunity to foster attachment (Franklin, 2006; Miles, Funk, & Kasper, 1992; Preyde, Ardal, & Bracht, 2001); the physical environment of the NICU; and the interaction with the professional staff (Miles et al., 1992).