This is the rehearing of an appeal by Dr. Kenneth Shouldice and Dr. Leon Linderoth of a district court judgment rendering them liable for instigating the termination of Dr. Robert Stern, an assistant professor of speech and drama at Lake Superior State College in Michigan. Stern sued under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, alleging that he was denied academic tenure in retaliation for exercising first amendment rights. The jury awarded damages to Stern in the amount of $2.00 against Linderoth and $1.00 against Shouldice. Pursuant to equitable powers, the trial judge assessed $45,696.00 back pay against Shouldice and Linderoth in their individual capacities. The court later granted Stern $15,585.22 in pre-judgment interest and $23,158.55 in costs and attorney's fees. Although we affirm the assessment of nominal damages, costs and attorney's fees, we reverse the award of back pay and pre-judgment interest.