In later Second Temple and post-70 literature it is not unusual for divine revelation to be communicated by a heavenly voice. As Peter Kuhn demonstrates in Offenbarungsstimmen im Antiken Judentum, the revelatory voice is found throughout Second Temple literature, and he cites dozens of examples from late biblical sources, apocalyptic literature, Jubilees, targums, Hellenistic Jewish authors, and the rabbinic bat qol. (2) The present study argues that the concept of a mediating, hypostatic voice ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) exists in earlier strata of the Hebrew Bible as well. (2) The term "hypostatic" is problematic. S. Dean McBride defines "hypostasis" as "a quality, epithet, attribute, manifestation or the like of a deity which through a process of personification and differentiation has become a distinct (if not fully independent) divine being in its own right," (3) a definition adopted in the present study. In addition, the terms "intermediary" and "mediating" are used interchangeably with "hypostatic," since they express the independence of the entity in question from God. There are different shades of meaning to these terms, but the biblical sources do not allow for more precise semantic differentiation, an ambiguity endemic to analysis of biblical hypostases (most notably Wisdom). (4) Rather than assay a complete and adequate definition, it is hoped the biblical passages in question and the subsequent analysis convey the hypostatic nature of [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII].