Punch, or the London Charivari was a British weekly magazine of humour and satire established in 1841 by Henry Mayhew and engraver Ebenezer Landells. Historically, it was most influential in the 1840s and 50s, when it helped to coin the term "cartoon" in its modern sense as a humorous illustration. It became a British institution, but after the 1940s, when its circulation peaked, it went into a long decline, closing in 1992. It was revived in 1996, but closed again in 2002. Punch, Volume 99, November 1, 1890 contents: MODERN TYPES, SEEING THE STARS, THE MOAN OF THE MAIDEN, THE LAST OF "MARY'S LAMB". , ROBERT AS HUMPIRE, OUR BOOKING-OFFICE, WINTER OPERA, PROGRESS—FIN DE SIÈCLE!, TIPPERARY JUNCTION, TO ENGELBERG AND BACK, SCIENCE AND HEART, "GIVE IT TO THE BARD!", EMPLOYMENT OF CAPITAL, IN OUR GARDEN.