Orienting the Research--An Interdisciplinary Approach Childhood obesity is a multifaceted health issue. This complexity has been highlighted in current debates that have questioned the use of terms such as epidemic or crisis to describe childhood obesity (Moffat, 2010). Although valid concerns regarding the conceptualisation of obesity have been raised in such discussions, it still remains that 15.4% and 5.5% of Australian preschool-aged1 children have been estimated to be overweight and obese, respectively (Wake, Hardy, Canterford, Sawyer, & Carlin, 2007). It is also becoming clear that childhood obesity is likely to be caused by a combination of factors such as sedentary lifestyles, the availability of calorie dense food and genetics. Although these factors have been identified through rigorous research by individual disciplines (such as health, education, biology and genetics) it has been suggested that interdisciplinary efforts are required to lower the incidence of childhood obesity (Huang, 2009). We propose that a socioecological framework (a system whereby the individual organism is contextualised within its environment) may facilitate and sustain multipronged efforts by different disciplines to reduce the incidence of childhood obesity (Bronfenbrenner, 2005; Kolasa & Pickett, 2005).